The California Independent System Operator Corporation proposed enhancements to demand response resources participating in its markets, including new bidding and real-time dispatch options. The proposal also includes an energy storage load-shift product that would allow a resource to be dispatched for both load consumption and curtailment. The changes represent the third phase of the grid operator’s storage and distributed resources initiative, which aims to remove barriers to the participation of storage and distribution-connected resources in California’s power markets. The changes would also apply to demand response participation models used in the energy imbalance market, an automated system to find the lowest-cost energy to serve real-time customer demand over a broad region spanning across multiple western states. The proposal is subject to approval from the ISO board with advisory input from the governing body of the energy imbalance market.